The list of preferential trade agreements in World Trade Agreement A (also known as the Trade Pact) is a large-scale tax, customs and trade agreement, which often contains investment guarantees. It exists when two or more countries agree on conditions that help them trade with each other. The most frequent trade agreements are preferential and free trade regimes to reduce (or remove) tariffs, quotas and other trade restrictions imposed on intermediaries. Exporting or importing from a developing country to a developed country? Thanks to a unilateral trade agreement, your products can benefit from reduced or non-existent tariffs. Unilateral trade preferences are one of the most important instruments offered by industrialized countries to promote exports from developing countries. This paper analyses the impact of unilateral trade preferences on developing countries by focusing on Mozambique`s experience. In this paper, we analyse whether unilateral preferences offered by the EU are «valuable» to Mozambican exporters, based on their effects on preferential margins, utilization rates and export prices. We use a detailed dataset with HS8 unit values for the period 2000-2007. Our results indicate that ,i) for many product lines, export margins are zero; (ii) utilization rates are generally high; (iii) however, this does not result in positive price ranges obtained by Mozambican exporters compared to MFN competitors.

These results raise doubts about the «value» of preferences and their potential impact on developing country exports. It is difficult to assess the practical impact of unilateral export preferences. These effects appear to be specific products and countries. However, it is clear overall that unilateral export preferences have not achieved a very large increase in exports or a significant decline in production to the DCS and LDC industries. Unilateral trade agreements are unilateral and non-reciprocal trade preferences granted by industrialized countries to developing countries, with the aim of helping them increase exports and stimulate economic development. Most of the reciprocal agreements covered by this instrument are free trade agreements. Free trade agreements (FTAs) remove barriers to trade between members and provide preferential access to markets on a reciprocal basis. In addition to trade in goods, free trade agreements generally cover trade in services and investment rules and remove tariff and non-tariff barriers. They may also include a number of provisions relating to customs cooperation and trade facilities, as well as harmonising standards and promoting regulatory cooperation in various areas. The logic of formal trade agreements is that they reduce penalties for deviation from the rules set out in the agreement. [1] As a result, trade agreements make misunderstandings less likely and create confidence on both sides in the sanction of fraud; this increases the likelihood of long-term cooperation. [1] An international organization such as the IMF can further encourage cooperation by monitoring compliance with agreements and reporting violations.

[1] It may be necessary to monitor international agencies to detect non-tariff barriers that are disguised attempts to create barriers to trade. [1] While the GSP shows how successful trade agreements can be, unilateral trade policy also has drawbacks.